First brick was produced in ancient times in Mesopotamia. Simultaneously with the increase in construction activities the lack of building materials has forced people to turn to what they had, and it was loam and clay from which they start to made bricks. Construction in Babylon was entirely by brick, while the surrounding cities used bricks, often glazed, only as a lining for the face of the wall. Bricks were made in squares, measuring 40/40, 17 cm thick, and bitumen was used as a binding agent. Each owner had his own label, which was pressed into crude bricks. That custom has persisted in brick production until today. Clay has caused development and form of letters. Script that was used for writing was cuneiform script on tiles and rolls of clay that were later baked. Usage of bricks from Mesopotamia spread to neighboring regions: Asia Minor, Persia, Greece.
One of the world's most fascinating building that was built by ricks is certainly Chinese Wall. Eighty million bricks is built-in in its length of 2500 km. It is interesting that that old building is old almost 2300 years and still continues to resist the ravages of time.
Therefore, brick has been known from ancient times and has not much changed till the middle of the last century. But in the past sixty years, brick went through major changes. The development of technology suppresses the production of traditional brick in the background and puts hollow bricks to the first plan.
After numerous attempts to repalce bricks with another building materials i.e. concrete, brick production again flourished due to positive characteristics that contribute to comfort of living.
Brick and other clay products usage has particularly increased in the last 100 years and therefore the technical production of these products has been developed to the perfection.